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01 Сентября 2003 Журнал "FIBA Assist Magazine"

Виды спорта: Баскетбол

Рубрики: Профессиональный спорт

Автор: Ciampi Joe

The Match-Up Defense

The Match-Up Defense

The Match-Up Defense

Joe Ciampi is the head coach of Auburn University for the past 24 years. He is one of the most successful coaches in women’s college basketball. He has won eight SEC titles and been three NCAA Filan Fours. He is in the top ten all time winningest active coaches for both winning percentage (.741) and number of wins (585 - 204). He was named National Coach of the Year three times.

PREMISE

What you do defensively will greatly influence your offense. The team that can control the tempo of the game will have a high rate of success. At Auburn we enjoy a fast paced game and emphasize transition from defense to offense and, more importantly, offense to defense. Basketball is a game of reactions and we must take the offensive on defense to accomplish our defensive goals.

The defense we run is a combination of a rotating zone and a sagging man-forman. The defense is expected to delay and disrupt the offense. The position of the ball dictates the rules of the defense and alerts the individual of what specific area she must defend.

The foundation of the defense begins with three general concepts that are incorporated into our daily drills:

1. Take away the inside.
2. Contest the shot and the pass.
3. Rebounds the blocks.

A good defense requires understanding and effort. The team must be aware of their individual responsibilities, before we can execute the team defense. Five characteristics that the individual must repeat daily in drills are as follow:

  1. Pressure the ball when it is shot, passed or dribbled.
  2. Move when the ball moves, not when is caught.
  3. Prevent penetration of the ball to the basket (with a pass or a dribble).
  4. Rebound weak side.
  5. Help the helper.

Good defense requires learning, discipline and effort. Once practiced and learned, it will become a habit. Your daily defensive drills must incorporate your defensive principles.

No matter what defense you want to execute, your drills must also be designed to have a winner and a loser, and should be time, peer, or goal related. Practice does not make the defense: it is the quality and intensity of practice that develops the defense.

BASIC SET

With the ball on the top this is the initial set of the defense, a 1-2-2 (diagr. 1).

X1 is the point defensive player and the best on defense: she has the heel on the top of the lane, the head on the ball shoulder, and the hands above the shoulders for forcing the player with the ball on the left side of the court.

X2 has her inside foot on the elbow and her inside arm at shoulder level. She is the best defensive guard.

X3 is one step from the elbow, with the inside arm at the shoulder level and she is the best rebounding wing.

X4 has both feet in the lane, above the block, must be one step closer to the ball than the offensive post, with the arms at the shoulder level, and she is the best rebounder.

X5 has both feet in the lane, above the block, must be one step closer to the ball than the offensive post, with the arms at the shoulder level, and she is the best rebounder. It is important that you put your players in positions that will be best use their ability.

X1, X2, and X3 should be interchangeable, and X4 and X5 should have their positions mirrored.

PASS FROM POINT TO THE RIGHT WING

X2 guards the wing face to face, with the inside foot up, and force her toward the sideline, taking away the pass to the low post (diagr. 2).

X4 is in a position halfway to corner and she must be ready with the inside arm to deflect the pass to the low post.

X5 is in line with the ball and on the basket side offensive guard from the free-throw line.

X3 is in line with the ball and the opposite corner and with both feet in the lane.

X1 is in the free-throw circle, with the inside foot in contact with the free-throw line.

PASS FROM THE POINTTOTHE LEFT WING

X3 guards the wing face to face, with the inside foot up, and force her toward the sideline, taking away the pass to the low post (diagr. 3).

X5 is in a position halfway to corner and she must be ready with the inside arm to deflect the pass to the low post. X4 is in line with the ball and on the basket side offensive guard from the free-throw line.

X2 is in line with the ball and the opposite corner and with both feet in the lane. X1 is in the free-throw circle, with the inside foot in contact with the free-throw line.

PASS FROM THE WING TO THE RIGHT CORNER

X4 guards the offensive player in this area of the court face to face; she tries to delay the pass to low post, and keeps the hands above the shoulders (diagr. 4).

X5 denies the pass to the low or medium post, fronting him.

X3 keeps her head in line with the rim and on the midline of the lane.

X2 plays in an open stance to the ball and denies the pass to the corner of the free-throw lane.

X1 keeps her head in line with the rim and stays on the midline of the lane.

PASS FROM THE WING TO THE LEFT CORNER

X5 guards the offensive player in this area of the court face to face; she tries to delay the pass to low post, and keeps the hands above the shoulders (diagr. 5).

X4 denies the pass to the low or medium post, fronting her.

X2 keeps her head in line with the rim and on the midline of the lane.

X3 plays in an open stance to the ball and denies the pass to the corner of the free-throw lane.

X1 keeps her head in line with the rim and stays on the midline of the lane.

OPTIONS FOR X2 OR X3 ON A PASS FROM THE WING TO THE CORNER

Option A. X3 guards in front the low or medium post (diagr. 6). X2 guards 1, X1 the wing on the ball side, X5 the player in the corner, and X4 stays in the middle of the lane.

Option B. X 5 and X3 trap the ball in the corner, X4 guards the low or medium post, X2 goes in the angle of the free-throw lane, and X1 guards the wing (diagr. 7).

PASS FROM THE CORNER TO THE RIGHT WING

X4 slides to the medium post area (diagr. 8).

X5 stays in line with the ball and the post.

X3 stays in line with the ball and the corner.

X2 denies the pass to the post, and she plays in front face-to-face.

X1 plays in the open stance to the ball and guards the area of the angle of the free-throw lane.

PASS FROM THE CORNER TO THE LEFT WING

X5 slides to the medium post area (diagr. 9).

X4 stays in line with the ball and the post.

X2 stays in line with the ball and the corner.

X3 denies the pass to the post, and she plays in front face-to-face.

X1 plays in the open stance to the ball and guards the area of the angle of the free-throw lane.

PASS TO THE HIGH POST FROM THE POINT

X4 covers the player with the ball (diagr. 10).

X5 slides and forms a tandem with X4, until X3 slides down.

X3 slides to the low or medium post area.

X2, with the hands high, plays zone in that area. X4 attacks the player with the ball.

X1 makes a quarter of a turn, and watches the ball and the player at the point.

PASS TO THE MEDIUM POST FROM THE RIGHT WING

X5 covers the ball, and stays between the ball and the basket (diagr. 11).

X4 traps with X5 on the medium post with the ball.

X3 goes on the block on the weak side of the court. X1 goes on the angle of the free-throw line.

X2 makes a quarter of a turn, and watches the ball, ready to cover the pass from the wing.

PASS TO THE MEDIUM POST FROM THE LEFT WING

X4 covers the ball, and stays between the ball and the basket (diagr. 12).

X5 traps with X5 on the medium post with the ball.

X2 stays on the block on the weak side of the court.

X3 stays on the angle of the free-throw line.

X1 makes a quarter of a turn, and watches the ball, ready to cover the pass from the wing.

PASS TO THE LOW OR MEDIUM POST FROM THE RIGHT CORNER

X5 covers the ball (diagr. 13).

X3 stays on the block on the weak side of the court.

X2 slides down to help in the lane.

X4 turns and attacks the ball.

X1 protects the high post area.

PASS TO THE LOW OR MEDIUM POST FROM THE LEFT CORNER

X4 covers the ball (diagr. 14).

X2 stays on the block on the weak side of the court.

X3 slides down to help in the lane.

X5 turns and attacks the ball.

X1 protects the high post area.

DRIBBLE COVERAGE FROM THE POINTTOTHE RIGHTWING

X1 will guard the player with the ball after he made three dribbles, and then will change with X2 (diagr. 15).

X2 will change with X1 and will guard the dribbler.

X4 will stay one step higher, covering from the inside out.

X5 will adapt his position to position of the dribbler and will guard from inside.

X3 stays in line with the ball in the opposite corner.

DRIBBLE COVERAGE FROM THE POINT TO THE LEFT WING

X1 will guard the player with the ball after she made three dribbles, and then will change with X3 (diagr. 16).

X3 will change with X1 and will guard the dribbler.

X5 will stay one step higher, covering from the inside out.

X4 will adapt his position to the position of the dribbler and will guard from inside.

X2 stays in line with the ball in the opposite corner.

DRIBBLE COVERAGE FROM RIGHT WING TO THE CORNER

X2 will cover the dribbler (diagr. 17).

X4 will protect from the low to medium post area.

X1 protects from the post to the wing area.

X5 stays in the lane, steps in front of the basket, and must be aware of the flash cut to the post area.

X3 stays in line with the ball and the opposite angle of the free-throw circle.

DRIBBLE COVERAGE FROM LEFT WING TO THE CORNER

X3 will cover the dribbler (diagr. 18).

X5 will protect from the low to medium post area.

X1 protects from the post to the wing area.

X4 stays in the lane, steps in front of the basket, and must be aware of the flash cut to the post area.

X2 stays in line with the ball and the opposite angle of the free-throw circle.

DRIBBLE COVERAGE FROM LEFT CORNER TO THE WING

X2 covers the dribbler and then change with X1 (diagr. 19).

X1 guards the dribbler, when he changes with X2.

X4 covers the medium and low post area.

X5 stays in the lane, and will adapt his position to the position of the dribbler.

X3 slides to the angle of the free-throw lane opposite to the ball.

DRIBBLE COVERAGE FROM RIGHT CORNER TO THE WING

X3 covers the dribbler and then change with X1 (diagr. 20).

X1 guards the dribbler, when he changes with X3.

X5 covers the medium and low post area.

X4 stays in the lane, and will adapt his position to the position of the dribbler.

X2 slides to the angle of the free-throw lane opposite to the ball.

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