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01 Июня 2006 Журнал "FIBA Assist Magazine"

Виды спорта: Баскетбол, Женский баскетбол

Рубрики: Профессиональный спорт

Автор: Frese Brenda

The Maryland Offense

The Maryland Offense

The Maryland Offense

Brenda Frese started her coaching career as an assistant coach at Kent State, followed by positions at Iowa State and Ball State. She became head coach at the University of Minnesota in 1998, where she earned National Coach of the Year honors, and two years later became head coach at the University of Maryland. In 2006, she guided her team to the NCAA Women's Championship and she again won the Coach of the Year award.

I would like to share with you some of our offensive sets that helped Maryland win the 2006 NCAA Women's national title.


MAN-TO-MAN OFFENSE

SET UP

We initially line up in a three perimeter and two inside player set. The three perimeter players stay outside the three-point line, while the two inside players are set up with one at the corner of the free-throw area and the other opposite to her in the low post position.

CREATING A TRIANGLE

1, the point guard, has two choices for starting this play:

  • If she dribbles towards 2, it means that 2 must go to the deep corner (diagr. 1).
  • If she can pass to 2, 1 will cut and go in the deep corner (diagr. 2).

In this way we start to form a triangle on one side of the court.

ENTRY PASS

Once the triangle is loaded, we are looking for a quick pass to the low post 5, from 1, in this case, or from 2, if 1 is able to pass the ball to 2 on the wing.

On this pass, 4 will dive hard down to the low post, on the same side of the court, while 3 will slide up (diagr. 3).

If we cannot pass the ball to 5, because she is overplayed on the side, 1 will pass to 2 and 2 will pass the ball to 5.

If 1 passes to 2 and 2 cannot pass to 5, 1 will cut in the lane and will go on to the opposite side of the court, outside of the three-point line to clear out the ball side side of the court. 5 will come out and screen on the ball for 2. 2 will attack the defender and 5 will roll to the basket. As this action is taking place, 4 will screen for 3 (diagr. 4).

If there is no chance of shooting, 2 can come off the screen, dribble towards 3 and pass her the ball, while 5 goes to the low post position (diagr. 5).

3 will now be able to set a new triangle on the other side of the court: she will dribble the ball to the wing position, 4 will go in the low post area, while 5 will come up in the high post position, opposite of 4 (diagr. 6).

If 3 passes the ball to 5, 5 can look to pass to 4, who has cut inside the three-second lane. As an option, we can also do a hand-off pass between 5 and 2 (who must set up her defender before going towards 5 to receive the ball). This offensive play is very hard to guard against and gives a chance to 2 to get open for a shot (diagr. 7).


ZONE OFFENSE

With this offense we want to create maximum players movement that will enable us to use the same basic attack versus various zones and match-ups. I want our team to be able to use dribble penetrations, posts-ups, screens, overload, and slides into the open areas. You can initiate the offense from various sets, such as the 1-4, the 1-3-1 or 2-1-2 set, or out of the transition, with the guards at about 4 meters apart to ensure easy passes between them, if necessary.

ENTRY PASS

On the entry pass, from 1 to 2, in this case, the weak side post 4 cuts to the ball on the short side corner, in an open area on the baseline in the gap of the zone (diagr. 8). The other post, 5, hunts the ball and is in line with the ball and the basket (diagr. 9).

RULE 1

On any point guard to wing pass, the offside post curls to the ball side short corner. The strong side post gets in line with the ball and the basket (diagr. 10).

On a pass to the weak side (diagr. 11 and 12), 5 flashes hard to the ball side and 4 loops to the strong side short corner (it's also possible to start with one of the post players in the short corner).

RULE 2

On any pass from the wing back to the point guard, or from a wing to a wing, the passer makes a skip pass and cuts to the basket, becoming the next short corner player on whichever side the ball is passed. The short corner player replaces the wing that cut, and 5 continues to stay in line with the ball and the basket (diagr. 13).

From here, if 1 swings the ball to 3, then 2 becomes the short corner player on the ball side. 5 stays in line with the ball and the basket (diagr. 14).

If 1 had passed the ball back to 4, 2 would be the short corner player on 4's side, and again 5 would be in line with the ball and the basket (diagr. 15).

BASIC MOVEMENT RULES

When a wing passes to the point guard, or to another wing with a skip pass, that wing first cuts to the basket and becomes the next short corner on the ball side. The short corner player replaces the wing, while the post stays in line with the ball and the basket (diagr. 16 and 17).

RULE 3

On any pass to the short corner, the wing that made the pass cuts to the middle of the lane and becomes the next short corner player on the ball side (diagr. 18).

RULE 4

The short corner player must catch the pass, face up to the basket, shoot, drive, or drag the ball back out to the wing. If a player is double teamed, she should look for the diagonal pass to the point guard or across the baseline to the wing, who has dropped (diagr. 19, 20, and 21).

SCREENING THE ZONE OR MATCH-UPS

Anytime the wing passes to the point, she may screen the strong side back line player in the zone, or match-up. After the screen, 2 slides into the short corner and 4 replaces 2 at the wing (diagr. 22).

Or, the short corner player can back screen the back line of the zone for the alley-hoop pass to 2, cutting to the basket. If the pass is not thrown, then 4 slides out to the wing to replace 2, and 2 slides to the short corner on the ball side (diagr. 23 and 24).

RULE 5

When a pass is made into the post, everyone spots up to shoot. The short corner player changes sides of the floor, looking for the ball (diagr. 25).

OFFENSIVE REBOUNDING

Offensive rebounding is quite effective because the cutters are in excellent position to "get to the glass." In addition, the short corner players have good angles for sneaking in for rebounds.

Obviously, we always rebound with both the wings and the posts, while the point guard goes back defensively to prevent the fastbreak. Against the odd front zones, simply tilt the offense by dribbling the ball off the center court, while everyone keeps the proper spacing.

Помимо статей, в нашей спортивной библиотеке вы можете найти много других полезных материалов: спортивную периодику (газеты и журналы), книги о спорте, биографию интересующего вас спортсмена или тренера, словарь спортивных терминов, а также многое другое.

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