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01 Мая 2004 Журнал "FIBA Assist Magazine"

Виды спорта: Баскетбол

Рубрики: Профессиональный спорт

Автор: Katz Mike

Offensive Basketball: An Assessment

Offensive Basketball: An Assessment

Offensive Basketball: An Assessment

Mike Katz, the assistant coach of the Canadian National Senior Team, is also head coach of the Humber College men’s team. His teams have won five national college titles and he was selected the Canadian College Coach of the Year in 2003.

At the 2002 World Basketball Championships held in Indianapolis, Indiana, it was apparent that some national teams had finally caught up with the USA. Many reasons have been offered for this. Some, however said that the U.S. did not send their best players, or that they had not properly prepared for the tournament. What happened on the court however, requires close scrutiny in order to assess how the talent gap has been actually narrowed.

Argentina played very well against the U.S. I believe that a large part of the success of the Argentinean national team was in their offensive schemes and the manner in which they executed their systems. This was a team that had no NBA players (unlike Spain and Yugoslavia, who also defeated Team USA), but nevertheless dominated their game against the USA in a manner unlike the other two. Their supposed lesser talent was more than made up for by teamwork, intelligence, and execution on the offensive end of the floor.

Argentina’s arsenal included a transition and early offense phase, a five-man continuity segment, as well as plays that isolated post-up and perimeter one-on-one advantages. It cannot be emphasized enough how efficiently they ran their offense. As one observer noted, they don’t run their offense, they sprint it!

By no means, I am mitigating the essential roles that individual or team defenses play in enhancing team success, nor the importance of individual and ongoing offensive skill development. What I am saying is that a concise, delineated offensive system can bring about much improvement.

The purpose of an early offense is to get easy baskets in transition. Many teams spend a lot of time working on the fast break, but have nothing to flow into if the quick score does not occur. This critical phase is essential because the defense is still not in place, leaving them quite vulnerable to open shots or dribble penetration. The offensive player alignment of this important secondary phase is the same as that of a patterned fast break, which allows for a seamless transition to this part of the overall offense. In essence, it becomes the link between the break and the half court attack.

As an example, the Canadian team has enjoyed success in transition by pushing the ball down the sideline, almost to the baseline. If there is no quick scoring opportunity, it will reverse the ball to the trail post, initiating the offense and quickly taking advantage of the defense, which has still not set up properly.

Other teams with an explosive point guard will often execute a quick screen on the ball around mid court or deeper along the sideline out of their fast break attack, which is very hard to defend against.

The essential purpose of a continuity offense is to get the ball from side to side (run as secondary or as a set play), which invariably involves increased player movement. This can exploit defensive mistakes for easy scores. At the FIBA World Championships, we saw that it also created numerous foul calls against the defensive team. This is important because it allows you to run your side and end out-of-bounds plays, which tend to be less frequently scouted and are good scoring opportunities.

Many international teams run a form of shuffle action with up and baseline staggered screens as their continuity scheme. Argentina enjoyed great success with a form of flex offense, rejecting the basic pattern at opportune times for open shots.

The benefit of set plays for quick baskets allows for certain players to get the ball where they can be most effective.

Post up situations or three-point shots are created from well-executed plays that are designed for this purpose. Plays that utilized ball screens, U.C.L.A. action, and small to big cross screens were popular at the FIBA World Championships.

An offensive structure, which involves early continuity and quick shots allows a team to shift tempos as desired within a game.

This keeps the defensive team off balance.

It will be interesting to see how offensive trends and patterns have shifted at the upcoming Olympic Games.

The game of basketball is forever evolving and the international game has proven itself to be a trendsetter at all levels of basketball.

The following are diagrams that address the early attack in transition and may be of some aid for those coaches looking to quickly move their team from a fast break attack into a secondary offense.

FASTBREAK TO EARLY OFFENSE

Legend

  • 1 - point guard
  • 2 and 3 - perimeters players
  • 4 and 5 - posts

BASIC FASTBREAK PATTERN

  • 1 receives the outlet pass from 5 and looks down court to pass the ball to either 2 or 3.
  • 4 runs in the middle lane of court, and in the middle of the three-se cond area, until he is under the basket (front rim). He looks for a direct pass from 1, 2, or 3 to make a quick score (diagr. 1).

SECONDARY PHASE

  • If 4 does not receive an early pass in transition, he moves over to the ball side in a low-post position. 3 moves to middle of the court to receive a pass from 2.
  • 1 cuts in the three-second area to the front of the rim and runs out side to the corner, after he recei ves a down pick from 5 (diagr. 2 and 3).

1, with the ball on the wing, has a number of options:

a) A quick shot (diagr. 4);
b) A side pick-and-roll with 5, while 4 cuts in the lane, and 3 and 2 move to open spaces, opposite of the ball (diagr. 5).
c) A skip pass from one side of the court to the other, after 3 has received a flare screen from 4. This is a screen made while 3 is going away from the ball (diagr. 6).
d) 1 could also play a high/low post option. This entails a pass to the post or a pass from the high to low post with 4 and 5, or a pass to 5 in the low post, after the flare pick of 4.

PUSH OPTION

1 keeps the dribble alive on the sideline, which is a signal for 2 to cut in the lane near the baseline. At the same time, 3 comes to middle of the court to receive a pass and then make a pass to the weak side of the court (diagr. 6). 2 receives the reversal pass and his options remain as indicated earlier. (diagr. 7).

This option was utilized by the Detroit Pistons in the recent NBA playoffs. Richard Hamilton received the ball on the wing, setting him up for a variety of one-on-one opportunities.

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