The FIBA Research and Study Centre, which recently assembled the basketball equipment industry leaders, has forged a close co-operation between industry and FIBA technical experts to apply the highest possible standards set out by FIBA rules. Fernand Pereira from Philips, Walter Dejonghe from Schelde, and Dominique Barre from Bodet presented their lighting, backstop, timing, and scoreboard recommendations at the FIBA Technical Commission Meeting, which took place January 23-24 2004 in Geneva. As a result, the Basketball Equipment Appendix of the official FIBA rules will be updated accordingly after FIBA’s Central Board approval in June 2004.
The playing court shall be uniformly and adequately lit. The lights shall be positioned so they do not hinder the players’ and officials’ vision.
All lighting installations shall:
- Reduce glare and shadows by its correct positioning.
- Be in compliance with the national safety requirements for electrical equipment in the respective country.
- Provide Level 3 conditions in the event of a power failure.
The table below defines the lighting levels to be present during televised events organized by FIBA. These levels shall be measured 1,500 mm. above the playing court.
“As the market leader in the field of sports lighting,” said Fernand Pereira, “Philips has developed long-term technical cooperation agreements with many international sports federations, such as those for football, athletics, tennis, and hockey, to mention just a few. Joining the FIBA Study Centre to share our sports lighting expertise was a natural move for Philips. Thanks to this cooperation, the new lighting recommendations for basketball have been enhanced to reflect latest technological developments and will insure better broadcasting of the games.”
An initial load of 1,050 N shall be applied vertically to the top of the ring at the most distant point from the backboard. With the force no longer applied, or after the return of a pressure release ring to its original position, no fissures should be observed and any permanent deformation of the ring shall be no greater than 10 mm..
After release and with the load no longer applied, the ring shall return automatically and instantly to its original position.
BACKBOARD SUPPORT STRUCTURE
Ceiling mounted backboards shall not be used in sports halls with a ceiling height exceeding 10,000 mm..
The rigidity of the backboard support structure with ring shall be tested with an initial load of 1,050 N with the overload of 2400 N applied vertically at the front edge of the ring.
The backboard support shall be secured to the floor so as to prevent any movement. Should floor anchoring not be not possible, an additional weight on the basket support base must be used to prevent any movement.
The backboard and backboard support structure must be padded. The minimum thickness of the padding shall be 25 mm. thick unless otherwise stated.
Walter Dejonghe, who represented the backstop unit category, commented:
“Every person involved with the game of basketball is aware of the fact that today’s portable backstop support units are safer than ever before. However, there is still a long way to go. Many countries still tolerate the use of sub-standard equipment, unfortunately. All too often, less expensive, locally-made equipment is acquired that meets the dimensional requirements of FIBA alright, but which has never been tested to the standards laid down in the Appendix of the FIBA Rules Book. Not only the quality of the game suffers, but more importantly, the players’ safety is at stake!”
TIMING & ELECTRONIC SCOREBOARD
A whistle-controlled time system, interfaced with the game clock, used by the officials to stop the game clock may be used, provided that this system is used in all games of a given competition. The system is strongly recommended for FIBA high-level competitions. A control panel for the game clock shall be provided for the timekeeper and a separate control panel shall be provided for the assistant scorer. Both panels must be of specific construction, and cannot be computer keyboards. They shall enable easy correction of incorrect data and have a memory backup to save all game data for a minimum of 30 minutes.
For FIBA Level 1 and 2 competitions, the display numbers of the game clock and game score shall have a minimum height of 300 mm., a minimum width of 150 mm., and a minimum viewing angle of 130°.
The display numbers of the team fouls and periods shall have a minimum height of 250 mm. and a minimum width of 125 mm.. The scoreboard and the 24-second device should have a minimum viewing angle of 130°.
The scoreboard must be able to withstand severe impact from any ball if located close to the playing court or in ball target areas and shall pass the protection test against damage by balls according to DIN 18 032-3.
Should specific scoreboard protection be used, it should not impair the readability of the scoreboard.
The numbers of the display units shall have a minimum height of 200 mm. and a minimum width of 125 mm.. When the 24 second-device stops and sounds, the main clock counts continue.
“As a member of the FIBA Study Centre, we willingly participated in the modification process of the basketball rules. By understanding what will be changed or modified has enabled us to be reactive for our customers,” explained Dominique Barre from Bodet. “We are satisfied that we had the opportunity to explain to the FIBA Technical Commission what, from the scoreboard manufacturers’ point of view, we believe are important changes for our product category in the basketball rules.”