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01 Января 2007 Журнал "FIBA Assist Magazine"

Виды спорта: Баскетбол

Рубрики: Профессиональный спорт

Автор: Recalcati Carlo

Improving The Team By Improving The Player

Improving The Team By Improving The Player

Improving The Team By Improving The Player

After a long and prestigious career as a player, Carlo Recalcati started his coaching career with Bergamo, a team he helped guide from Serie A2 to A1. He then moved to Cantu, Reggio Calabria (winning an A2 championship), Ambrosiana Milan, and then back to Bergamo. In 1997 he signed with Varese, and two years later his team won the Italian championship. He then moved to Fortitudo Bologna, where he again won the Italian championship. He has been coaching Montepaschi Siena since 2003, winning the 2004 Italian championship and the Italian Supercup in 2005. He's also been coaching the Italian Men's national team since 2002, winning the bronze medal at the 2003 FIBA Eurobasket, the silver medal at the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, and the gold medal at the 2005 Mediterranean Games.

The improvement of a team is directly connected to the improvement of individual players. Daily workouts to improve the fundamentals can enrich the technical skills of each player, who will then have more tools to use in various game situations. By the end of every practice session, each player must make some improvement in their skill level-even if it's just a little. And from these little improvements will spring forth a better team.

To make improvements, players need:

  • Will
  • Sacrifice
  • Courage
  • Desire to work.

WHAT TO PRACTICE

  • Running
  • Change of Direction
  • Change of Pace
  • Jumping Ability
  • Dribbling
  • Passing
  • Shooting
  • Defensive Slides
  • Balance
  • Reaction
  • Skills
  • Transition
  • Ability to Read Different Situations.

Improvment will come when drills are properly organized to stress several fundamentals. These drills must always be carried out at game-speed.

DRILL 1
All the players are in motion on a half court without the ball. The coach calls the name of one player and he becomes the "hunter." The hunter must then try to touch another player. Once touched, this player becomes the hunter and continues the chase. This drill helps players run and quickly change pace and direction while moving without the ball (diagr. 1).

DRILL 2
The drill is the same as the previous one, but now a basketball is used, continously kept in motion by dribbling and passing. The coach gives the ball to a player and he will become the "safety." He cannot be touched while the designated "hunter" tries to touch another player without the ball. The aim of the drill is to pass the ball to that player who is about to be touched by the "hunter." (diagr. 2).

DRILL 3
Every player has a ball. While dribbling, the players try to knock each others ball out of bounds. Once a player loses his ball, he is eliminated from the game and leaves the court. As the number of players decreases, the playing dimensions are reduced as well. Part of the half court is used,; then inside the three-point line, and finally into the three-second lane (diagr. 3).

DRILL 4
Every player has a ball. 1 starts dribbling from the baseline and must try to get to the half court line without being touched by 2, who, also dribbling, starts from the three-point line and comes towards him (diagr. 4).

DRILL 5
1 moves from side to side and passes the ball, alternatively to 2 and 3, who act as supports. The drill goes on until an established time or an established number of passes are completed (diagr. 5).

DRILL 6
The coach rolls the ball. 1, after making defensive slides, must recover the ball and pass it back to the coach. This drill is run until an established time has elapsed or an established number of passes have been made (diagr. 6 and 7).

DRILL 7
The coach has two basketballs and alternatively passes them to 1 who, moving quickly to the left or the right side, receives the ball and passes it back to the coach, using only one hand. The drill goes on until an established time has elapsed or an established number of passes have been made (diagr. 8).

DRILL 8
The players are divided in two lines, with each player holding a basketball. The drill begins at half court, with 1 and 2 dribbling at the same time. 1 decides his own direction of dribbling and the timing of his shot. 2 must adjust, always maintaining the initial distance from 1 and then take the same shot 1 has taken (diagr. 9). After the shot, 1 and 2 get their own rebounds and go to the end of the line (diagr. 10).

DRILL 9
Players are divided in two lines and each has a basketball. 1 and 2 start at the same time from half court and dribble toward the free- throw line. 1 can either penetrate and finish with a lay-up or else come to a stop and take a shot. 2, after a brief hesitation, adjusts himself to the choice of 1 and executes the opposite shot. This means that if 1 takes a jump shot, 2 must drive to the basket. After shooting, 1 and 2 get their own rebounds and go to the end of the line. (diagr. 11 and 12).

DRILL 10
3 defends on the ball side and, when 2 receives the ball from 1, 2 makes a cross dribble and drives to the basket. If 3 helps, 2 stops his penetration, takes a step back, and shoots (diagr. 13). If 3 does not help, 2 will end the penetration with a lay-up (diagr. 14).

DRILL 11
3 is on the help side of the three-second lane. 2 defends against 1 and gives him a slight advantage. 1 starts dribbling and must find the right time to stop and shoot between the recovery of 2 and the defensive help of 3 (diagr. 15).

DRILL 12
Players line up in a row at half court with a total of three basketballs on one side of the court. 1 dribbles until the three-point line, then changes his dribbling hand and dribbles through his legs, behind his back, or makes a crossover dribble. At the three- point line he makes another change of dribbling hand, then, after a brief hesitation, makes a speed change, and drives to the basket, finishing with a lay-up. He gets his own rebound, dribbles until half court. and executes a running pass to 4. The drill must be executed on both the right and left side of the court (diagr. 16).

DRILL 13
The players form a row on the baseline and each player has a basketball. 2 runs without the ball until half court, changes direction, and receives the ball from 1; 3 runs without ball towards the sideline, then changes direction, receives a pass from 2 and shoots. 1 runs towards half court, 2 towards the sideline, and then 4 executes a pass and continues the drill in continuity. The coach can establish the maximum number of dribbles that can be made . The drill must be executed on both the left and right side of the court (diagr. 17).

DRILL 14
Every player has a basketball and forms two rows, one in the middle of the court and the other one in a corner. 2 starts dribbling to the right, makes a crossover dribble, changes hands, passes the ball to the coach, then changes direction, and receives the ball from 1, who, after the pass, also changes direction, receives the ball, and shoots. 2, after executing the pass, runs towards the coach to receive a pass and then shoots. After shooting, players get their own rebounds and change their initial row (diagr. 18). The drill must be run on the left and right side of the court.

DRILL 15
1 passes the ball to 2, who then passes to 4, takes advantage of the blind screen of 3, receives the ball, and shoots. 4 goes to rebound and passes to 5, who passes to 6 (diagr. 19). 1, after the pass, replaces 2. 2, after shooting, replaces 5. 3, after the screen, replaces 4. 4, after the pass, replaces 5. 5, after the pass, replaces 6. The drill must be run on left and right side of the court.

DRILL 16
1 passes to 2, and from 2 to 3. 1 runs towards the free-throw line and receives the ball from 3. 2 contests the shot of 1 (diagr. 20). Then, all the players change their initial rows, rolling to the left side.

DRILL 17
1 passes to 2, contests his shot, and then changes position so he can receive the next pass. 2 avoids the obstacle of 1 with a dribble, and then stops and shoots. After shooting, 2 rebounds his own shot, passes the ball to 1, and from there he contests the shot of 1 (diagr. 21). The drill must be run on both left and right side of the court.

DRILL 18
The players, each with a ball, form two lines. One coach stands outside the the three-point line and the other coach is positioned at half court. 1 passes to the coach and runs down the court. 2 passes the ball to 1, then runs toward the coach and receives a hand-off pass from the coach. 1 passes to the other coach on the other half court and then receives the ball from 2, finishing the action with a lay-up. 2, after the pass, receives a hand-off pass from the coach on the other half court and executes a stop and shoot (diagr. 22). The last repetitions of the drill must be executed without dribbling.

DRILL 19
The players form two lines, one in the lane, and one laterally on the perimeter. One ball is used. 1 throws the ball against the backboard, takes the rebound, and then makes a long pass over the mid- court line to 2, who has run along the sideline. After receiving the ball, he finishes with a lay-up, takes his own rebound, and passes back to 1. After getting the pass, 1, who has run around the two coaches set at the mid-court line, shoots the ball. 3 gets the rebound, passes to 4, and the drill continues (diagr. 23).

DRILL 20
Three rows are formed at the baseline and the player in the middle row has the basketball. Two coaches position themselves just outside of the three-point line, one on each side. 1 throws the ball against the backboard and then passes to 2. 3 runs on the left lane and then receives the ball from 2 for a lay-up. 1 runs in the central lane of the court, takes the rebound, and passes to 3, who has run outside of the lane after shooting. 2 runs around the coach and receive a pass from 3 to finish with a lay-up. 4 takes the rebound, passes to 5 and the drill continues (diagr. 24). The drill can be finished by 3, who throws the ball against the backboard for 2 that makes the same thing for the "tap-in" of 1.

DRILL 21
Four rows of player are set up in the corners. Three basketballs are used. 1, 2 and 3 begin a passing wave. When 3 passes the ball to the coach, set at the middle of the court, all three players execute zig-zag defensive slides. The coach passes the ball back to 3, who passes it to 1, who then passes to 2 for a lay-up. 3 goes to receive a pass from 4 and 1 from 5 in order to execute a stop and shoot. 2 takes the rebound and beins another weave with 4 and 5. (diagr. 25 and diagr. 26). The drill goes on for an established time or until a certain number of passes have been made.

DRILL 22
As in drill 21, this drill does not use a coach or zig-zag defensive slides (diagr. 27).

DRILL 23
The players form two rows at the baseline, with the ball in one row and one coach with another ball four or five feet from the mid-court line, with a ball. 1 and 2 pass the ball to each other, then 1 takes the ball from the coach, changes direction, and dribbles towards the basket for a lay-up. 2 drops his ball, which he has received from 1, becomes the defender, and recovers against 1 (diagr. 28). The drill must be run on both the right and left side of the court.

DRILL 24
Two players position themselves under the basket, one behind the other, facing the coach, who is positioned with a ball near the mid-court line on the central lane of the court. The coach rolls the ball towards one of the two sideline. 1 runs, catches the ball and passes it back to the coach. When the ball is returned to the coach, 2 runs to the opposite side of the floor from where 1 has caught the ball, receives the ball from the coach, and dribbles towards the basket for a lay-up. 1, after passing the ball, becomes the defender and recovers against 2 (diagr. 29).

DRILL 25
One offensive player, 1, with the ball, and one defender, 2, line up on one side of the half court. A second offensive player, 3, sets up the other wing position. 1 plays one-on-one against 2. 2, who was the defender, gets the rebound and, if a basket hasn't been scored, makes an inbound pass from the baseline to 3. 1, after shooting, becomes the defender and tries to anticipate the moves of 3. If 3 receives the ball, then he plays one-on-one against 1 (diagr. 30).

DRILL 26
The drill is the same of the previous one, except that 3 now has a second ball. 1 plays one-on-one against 2, and then becomes defender against 3. 2 takes the rebound and gets ready on the opposite side to play against 3, who becomes a defender (diagr. 31). The drill continues until time runs out or a certain number of baskets are scored.

DRILL 27
Two players, 1 and 2, with one ball, line up on one lateral lane of the court. Player 3, is positioned near the sideline on the opposite half court, while another player, 4, is on the jump ball circle and anotherone, 5, near the baseline and outside of the three- point line on the half court where 1 and 2 start the drill. 1 and 2 pass the ball back and forth on all the court. 1 finishes with a lay-up and then becomes the defender, guarding against 5. 2 takes the rebound and passes the ball to 5. 2, 3 and 4 exchange their spots. 1 and 5, after playing one-on-one, pass the ball back and forth on all the court and the drill continues in this way (diagr. 32).

DRILL 28
Three rows of players are formed near the baseline, with a ball in the hand of the player in the middle row. 1, 2, and 3 pass the ball back and forth until the coach whistles and 1 becomes the defender and must recover, while 2 and 3 attack (diagr. 33).

DRILL 29
Three rows of players are formed near the baseline, with a ball in the hand of the player in the middle row. 1 begins a passing weave. 3 passes the ball to the coach positioned at half court, touches the ball, and runs back to become the defender. 1 and 2 arrive at the half court, change direction, and then one of them receives a pass from the coach and they attack two against one on 3 (diagr. 34).

DRILL 30
Two offensive players 1, with the ball, and 3, and two defenders, 2 on 1 and 4 on 3, and two players on the wings, 5 and 6. 1 and 3 play twoon- two. After a scored basket or a rebound, let's assume that 1 has shot, 2 goes out to the baseline and passes to 5. 1, after shooting, becomes the defender and tries to anticipate 5. 3 becomes the defender and recovers on 6, who, in the meantime, has run to touch the mid court line and comes back. The players play a two-on-two full court (diagr. 35).

DRILL 31
1 and 2 attack against 3 and 4. Then, 1 and 2 become defenders and play against 5 and 6, who are set near the baseline on the same half court, in a two-on-two full court play. 5 and 6, after shooting, become defenders playing against 7 and 8. The drill continues this way (diagr. 36). After a made basket, a defender makes the inbound pass or, if a defender gets the rebound, he will make the outlet pass to someone below the free-throw line extension.

DRILL 32
Two players, 1 and 2 on offense, one player, 3, on defense, one player, 6, outside on the half court where 1 and 2 play against 3, two players, 4 and 5, play on tandem on the opposite three- second lane. 1 and 2 attack against 3. 1, 2, and 3 then attack together against 4 and 5. 4 and 5 attack against 6, and the drill continues this way (diagr. 37).

DRILL 33
Four offensive players play against three defenders, who play zone. The four must pass to the ball to the teammate who is open for an uncontested shot. Once the three defenders get the ball, they become offensive players and with 1, who has entered on the court from the baseline, they play against three defenders who play zone defense on the other half court. The drill continues this way. (diagr. 38 and 39). If the defenders play man-to-man defense, they must defend against the player in possession of ball and the two offensive players closest to the ball. After a pass, the defenders must close out the new free offensive player, who has received the ball.

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