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31 Декабря 2017 Журнал "Спортивный психолог"

Виды спорта: Самбо

Рубрики: Спортивная наука

Автор: Насырова Е.М., Свищев И. Д.

Diagnosis of psycho-emotional state of sambo sportsmen

Keywords: emotional status, functional asymmetry of the cerebral hemispheres, psycho-emotional stability.

Abstract. The article presents the diagnosis of psychophysiological properties of the individual sportsmen. The interrelation of emotional States with performing technical actions sambo.

Ключевые слова: эмоциональные состояния, функциональная асимметрия полушарий головного мозга, психоэмоциональная устойчивость.

Аннотация. В статье представлена диагностика психофизиологических свойств личности самбистов. Выявлена взаимосвязь эмоциональных состояний с качеством выполнения технических действий самбистов.

Introduction. Emphasizing the significance of the motor acts of man as a demonstration of the brain activity, its reflex activity, the basic Russian physiologist Sechenev I.M. wrote «All the infinite variety of external demonstrations of brain activity is reduced to only one phenomenon - the muscle movement* [1, 4].

But the lack of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the influence of emotional states on the quality of performance of athletes makes it difficult to bring recommendations to the practice of competitive activities.

Materials and Methods. The experiment was carried out to diagnose psycho-emotional status by recording the activation of psycho-emotional status, functional asymmetry of the cerebral hemispheres and psycho-emotional stability.

Laboratory experiment was carried out on the basis of the Russian State University of Physical Culture, Sport,

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Figure 1 - Diagnosis of the activation of psycho-emotional states (PS) and functional asymmetry of the cerebral hemispheres (FAH) of the experimental group (n=30)

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Figure 2 - Diagnosis of psycho-emotional stability of the experimental group (n = 30)

Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE) with the use of psychophysiological diagnostics of emotional status on instruments Yu.A. Tsagarelli «Activationmeter» (AM-6) and on the complex UPDGMK «Neuroscope NS-410A». In the study, 60 athletes participated in the training stage and the stage of improving athletic skill at the age of 18 to 25 years, specializing in sambo. They are: HMS - 5 people, MSIg - 6 people, MS - 8 people, SM - 41 people.

Results. Indicators of activation of the right and left hemispheres, as well as the index of their FAHs have great diagnostic value, because the functions of each hemisphere have their own specific characteristics, which imprint on any human activity (Figure 1, 2).

When interpreting any indicator of FAH, the sign and the magnitude of the result percent should be taken into account. The «+» sign indicates the left hemispheric displacement of the FAH, and the «-» sign indicates the right hemispheric.

The predominance of the left hemisphere activation in right-handers testifies to the predominance of the abstract-logical component of thinking over the emotionally imaginative. The predominance of the right hemisphere activation indicates the predominance of the emotional-figurative component of thinking over the abstract-logical. Optimum PS contributes to good performance, mental activity, energy, minimal latent response time. The deviation of the PS from the optimum is associated with a decrease in the efficiency of the activity and functioning of the organism.

Excessive indicators of the PS indicate the over excitation of sambo wrestlers. In such conditions there can be rapid reaction, increased aggression and nervousness in relations with people, the possibility of nervous breakdowns, etc. right up to the stupor. Too low PS indicators are associated with a drowsy state. Here there is a small activity, a slowing down of reactions, a sluggish mental activity. The indicator of psycho-emotional stability is a quantity inversely proportional to the degree of increase in psycho-emotional tension under the influence of a stressor [2, 3].

Literature

  1. Danko, Yu. I. Influence of muscular work and static efforts on the reflex activity of the human brain: author's abstract. dis. ... Dr. med. Sciences / Yu. I. Danko; 1st Leningr. med. Institute of Acad. IP Pavlova. - L., 1959. - 33 p.
  2. Nasyrova, E.M. Features of the manifestation of emotional state in athletes / E.M. Nasyrova, I.D. Svishchev // Children's coach. - 2013. - № 1. - P. 58-64.
  3. Perelelsky, A.A. Methodological foundations and principles of extreme and applied types of sports activities / A.A. Peredelsky // Theory and Practice of Applied and Extreme Sports. - 2011. - №1. - P. 83-86.
  4. Sechenov, I.M. Reflexes of the brain / I.M. Sechenov; [Post. P. Simonov]; A.S. USSR. - M.: Pub. Acad. Sciences of the USSR, 1961. - 100 p., ill.

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